High-Fructose Corn Syrup: Separating Myths from Facts

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Executive Summary

  • Since the 1970s, the use of high-fructose corn syrup in the U.S. food supply has increased dramatically typically as a replacement for sucrose (table sugar) in soft drinks and many food products.
  • The prevalence of obesity has also increased substantially between the 1970s and the early 2000s.
  • Because of this coincidental timing, HFCS has been erroneously demonized as a unique cause of the obesity epidemic in the United States.
  • Sucrose and HFCS have essentially the same composition, and thus it would be highly unlikely for them to have different effects on body weight or metabolism.
  • Experimental evidence, as well as analyses of epidemiologic data, indicate that sucrose and HFCS have equivalent effects on food intake and therefore on body weight.
  • Scientific evidence does not support the notion that HFCS is uniquely responsible for the American obesity epidemic.

High-Fructose Corn Syrup: Separating Facts from Myths